Houston, TX Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Houston, Texas - Basic Facts

The City of Houston is the largest city in Texas with a population of 2,268,295 as of July 1, 2016. Houston ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Texas. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Houston is located at latitude 29.7805 and longitude -95.3863 in Harris County. The formal boundaries for the City of Houston (see map below) encompass a land area of 599.74 sq. miles and a water area of 27.84 sq. miles. Harris County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 36 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Houston are located in Harris County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into Fort Bend County, and Montgomery County.

The City of Houston (GNIS ID: 2410796) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Texas is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Houston is located within Houston Division of Harris County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Houston population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Houston: Houston City.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Houston, TX Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Houston Division | Harris County | Texas Counties

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Houston, TX Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 2,268,295
Population in Households 2,230,071
Population in Familes 1,750,596
Population in Group Qrtrs 38,224
Population Density1 3,782
Diversity Index2 85


Total Households 841,763
Average Household Size 2.65
Family Households 512,780
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 951,052 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 359,069 (37.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 482,694 (50.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 109,289 (11.5%)
Median Home Value $150,274
Average Home Value $234,952


Median Household Income $47,101
Average Household Income $74,898
Per Capita Income $28,235
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 1.24% 1.5%
Households 1.17% 1.47%
Families 1.01% 1.31%
Median Household Income   1.44%
Per Capita Income   1.39%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Houston, TX - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Houston to the other 1,749 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Texas by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density1 # 98 94th
Diversity Index2 # 13 99th
Median Household Income # 754 57th
Per Capita Income # 420 76th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Texas Census Data Comparison Tool.

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