Houston, TX Profile: Facts & Data


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Houston, Texas - Basic Facts

The City of Houston is the largest city in Texas with a population of 2,358,708 as of July 1, 2018. Houston ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Texas. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Houston is located at latitude 29.7633 and longitude -95.3633 in Harris County. The formal boundaries for the City of Houston encompass a land area of 599.74 sq. miles and a water area of 27.84 sq. miles. Harris County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 36 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Houston are located in Harris County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into Fort Bend County, and Montgomery County.

The City of Houston (GNIS ID: 2410796) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Texas is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Houston is located within Houston Division of Harris County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Houston: Houston City.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Houston 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Houston (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Texas Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Texas Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

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Houston, TX Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 2,358,708
Population in Households 2,318,363
Population in Familes 1,826,717
Population in Group Qrtrs 40,345
Population Density2 3,933
Diversity Index3 85


Median Household Income $51,442
Average Household Income $81,851
Per Capita Income $31,065


Total Housing Units 983,053 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 372,200 (37.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 509,026 (51.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 101,828 (10.4%)
Median Home Value $173,892
Average Home Value $266,299


Total Households 881,225
Average Household Size 2.63
Family Households 534,699
Average Family Size 3
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population 1.42% 1.44%
Households 1.44% 1.47%
Families 1.27% 1.33%
Median Household Income   2.28%
Per Capita Income   2.45%

Houston, TX - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Houston to the other 1,749 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Texas by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 97 95th
Diversity Index # 15 99th
Median Household Income # 694 60th
Per Capita Income # 375 79th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Texas Census Data Comparison Tool.

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Texas Census Data Comparison Tool

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