Brownsville, TX Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Brownsville, Texas - Basic Facts

The City of Brownsville had a population of 188,159 as of July 1, 2017. Brownsville ranks in the lower quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Texas. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Brownsville is located at latitude 25.9987 and longitude -97.4549 in Cameron County. The formal boundaries for the City of Brownsville (see map below) encompass a land area of 132.44 sq. miles and a water area of 13.83 sq. miles. Cameron County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 33 feet.

The City of Brownsville (GNIS ID: 2409924) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Texas is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Brownsville is located within Los Fresnos-Laureles Division of Cameron County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Brownsville population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Brownsville: Fort Brown, Fort Taylor.

EXTREMELY LOCAL Demographic Data

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City of Brownsville, TX Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Los Fresnos-Laureles Division | Cameron County | Texas Counties

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Brownsville, TX Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 188,159
Daytime Population: Workers 72,444
Daytime Population: Residents 120,017
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 192,461
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.02
Population in Households 186,512
Population in Familes 171,294
Population in Group Qrtrs 1,647
Population Density2 1,421
Diversity Index3 32


Median Household Income $35,715
Average Household Income $52,027
Per Capita Income $15,088


Total Housing Units 58,162 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 31,849 (54.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 21,738 (37.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 4,575 ( 7.9%)
Median Home Value $89,342
Average Home Value $124,231


Total Households 53,587
Average Household Size 3.48
Family Households 43,978
Average Family Size 4
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 1.0% 0.9%
Households 1.0% 0.91%
Families 0.96% 0.88%
Median Household Income   1.79%
Per Capita Income   2.98%

Brownsville, TX - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Brownsville to the other 1,749 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Texas by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 16 99th
Population Density # 483 72nd
Diversity Index # 1341 23rd
Median Household Income # 1382 21st
Per Capita Income # 1470 16th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Texas Census Data Comparison Tool.

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