Brownsville, TX Profile: Facts & Data


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Brownsville, Texas - Basic Facts

The City of Brownsville had a population of 189,668 as of July 1, 2018. Brownsville ranks in the lower quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Texas. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Brownsville is located at latitude 25.9017 and longitude -97.4975 in Cameron County. The formal boundaries for the City of Brownsville (see map below) encompass a land area of 132.44 sq. miles and a water area of 13.83 sq. miles. Cameron County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 33 feet.

The City of Brownsville (GNIS ID: 2409924) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Texas is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Brownsville is located within Brownsville Division of Cameron County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Brownsville: Fort Brown, Fort Taylor.

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  1. Brownsville 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Brownsville (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Texas Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Texas Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2018, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


Brownsville, TX Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 189,668
Population in Households 187,849
Population in Familes 173,044
Population in Group Qrtrs 1,819
Population Density2 1,432
Diversity Index3 32


Median Household Income $36,207
Average Household Income $52,802
Per Capita Income $15,288


Total Housing Units 59,002 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 33,334 (56.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 20,676 (35.0%)
Vacant Housing Units 4,992 ( 8.5%)
Median Home Value $94,343
Average Home Value $139,395


Total Households 54,010
Average Household Size 3.48
Family Households 44,360
Average Family Size 4
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population 0.98% 0.88%
Households 0.97% 0.89%
Families 0.95% 0.87%
Median Household Income   2.47%
Per Capita Income   2.82%

Brownsville, TX - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Brownsville to the other 1,749 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Texas by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 16 99th
Population Density # 497 72nd
Diversity Index # 1352 23rd
Median Household Income # 1389 21st
Per Capita Income # 1475 16th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Texas Census Data Comparison Tool.

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