Columbus, TX Profile: Facts & Data


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Columbus, Texas - Basic Facts

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The City of Columbus had a population of 3,877 as of July 1, 2021. Columbus ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Texas. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbus is located at latitude 29.7066 and longitude -96.5397 in Colorado County. The formal boundaries for the City of Columbus encompass a land area of 2.87 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Colorado County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 203 feet.

The City of Columbus has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Texas is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Columbus is located within Columbus Division of Colorado County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Columbus: Colombus.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Columbus 2021 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Columbus (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Texas Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Texas Data Comparison Tool - 2021 Demographics

Columbus, TX Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2021)


Total Population 3,877 (100%)
Population in Households 3,639 (93.9%)
Population in Families 2,945 (76.0%)
Population in Group Quarters1 238 ( 6.1%)
Population Density 1,350
Diversity Index2 72


Median Household Income $50,743
Average Household Income $78,993
% of Income for Mortgage4 13%
Per Capita Income $30,719
Wealth Index5 92


Total HU (Housing Units) 1,846 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 1,058 (57.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 438 (23.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 350 (19.0%)
Median Home Value $157,478
Average Home Value $197,498
Housing Affordability Index3 168


Total Households 1,496
Average Household Size 2.43
Family Households 948
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2021 2021-2026
Population 0.53% 0.43%
Households 0.51% 0.48%
Families 0.48% 0.38%
Median Household Income   0.71%
Per Capita Income   1.94%
Owner Occupied HU   0.71%

Columbus, TX - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbus to the other 1,746 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Texas by rank and percentile using July 1, 2021 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 488 72nd
Population Density # 530 70th
Median Household Income # 1002 43rd
Housing Affordability Index # 598 34th
Per Capita Income # 543 69th
Diversity Index # 246 86th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Texas Census Data Comparison Tool.

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