Austin, TX Profile: Facts & Data

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Austin, Texas - Basic Facts

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The City of Austin is the 4th largest city in Texas with a population of 992,111 as of July 1, 2021. Austin ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Texas. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Austin is located at latitude 30.2672 and longitude -97.7431 in Travis County. The formal boundaries for the City of Austin encompass a land area of 312.42 sq. miles and a water area of 7.07 sq. miles. Travis County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 489 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Austin are located in Travis County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into Williamson County, and Hays County.

The City of Austin has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Texas is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Austin is located within Austin Division of Travis County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Austin: Montopolis, Waterloo.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Austin 2021 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Austin (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Texas Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Texas Data Comparison Tool - 2021 Demographics
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Austin, TX Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2021)

POPULATION

Total Population 992,111 (100%)
Population in Households 971,645 (97.9%)
Population in Families 658,754 (66.4%)
Population in Group Quarters1 20,466 ( 2.1%)
Population Density 3,101
Diversity Index2 76
 
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $77,296
Average Household Income $107,352
% of Income for Mortgage4 21%
Per Capita Income $44,725
Wealth Index5 101
 

HOUSING

Total HU (Housing Units) 445,106 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 189,949 (42.7%)
Renter Occupied HU 224,243 (50.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 30,914 ( 6.9%)
Median Home Value $376,197
Average Home Value $444,868
Housing Affordability Index3 103
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 414,192
Average Household Size 2.35
Family Households 208,888
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2021 2021-2026
Population 1.93% 1.92%
Households 2.06% 1.96%
Families 1.79% 1.78%
Median Household Income   2.08%
Per Capita Income   1.96%
Owner Occupied HU   1.77%

Austin, TX - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Austin to the other 1,746 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Texas by rank and percentile using July 1, 2021 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 4 100th
Population Density # 161 91st
Median Household Income # 313 82nd
Housing Affordability Index # 255 15th
Per Capita Income # 156 91st
Diversity Index # 150 92nd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Texas Census Data Comparison Tool.

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