Houston, TX Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Houston, Texas - Basic Facts

The City of Houston is the largest city in Texas with a population of 2,216,413 as of July 1, 2015. Houston ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Texas. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Houston is located at latitude 29.7805 and longitude -95.3863 in Harris County. The formal boundaries for the City of Houston (see map below) encompass a land area of 599.74 sq. miles and a water area of 27.84 sq. miles. Harris County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 36 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Houston are located in Harris County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into Fort Bend County, and Montgomery County.

The City of Houston (GNIS ID: 2410796) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Houston population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2015.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Houston: Houston City.

City of Houston, TX Boundary Map


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Houston, TX Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2015)


Total Population 2,216,413
Population in Households 2,179,256
Population in Familes 1,708,065
Population in Group Qrtrs 37,157
Population Density1 3,697
Diversity Index2 85


Total Households 826,209
Average Household Size 2.64
Family Households 504,642
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 939,298 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 359,616 (38.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 466,593 (49.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 113,089 (12.0%)
Median Home Value $190,915
Average Home Value $285,700


Median Household Income $43,945
Average Household Income $69,713
Per Capita Income $26,194
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 1.04% 1.35%
Households 1.04% 1.4%
Families 0.9% 1.25%
Median Household Income   3.05%
Per Capita Income   2.55%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

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Houston, TX - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Houston to the other 1,752 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Texas by rank and percentile using July 1, 2015 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density1 # 106 94th
Diversity Index2 # 14 99th
Median Household Income # 919 48th
Per Capita Income # 497 72nd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Texas Census Data Comparison Tool.