Houston, TX Profile: Facts, Map & Data

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Houston, Texas - Basic Facts

The City of Houston is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Harris County at latitude 29.7805 and longitude -95.3863. Harris County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 36 feet.

The formal official name is the City of Houston, but most people and references simply refer to it as Houston, Texas.

The P1 Census Class Code for Houston indicates a populated place that is also an incorporated place with the same name and the same census code. The Incorporated Place has a Functional Status Code "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Houston: Houston City.

City of Houston, TX Boundary Map

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Houston, TX Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 2,177,480
Population in Households 2,139,823
Population in Familes 1,679,885
Population in Group Qrtrs 37,657
Population Density1 3,632
Diversity Index2 85


Total Households 811,434
Average Household Size 2.64
Family Households 496,145
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 924,458 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 357,473 (38.7%)
Renter Occupied HU 453,961 (49.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 113,024 (12.2%)
Median Home Value $178,258
Average Home Value $265,149


Median Household Income $43,136
Average Household Income $67,373
Per Capita Income $25,323
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2014 2014-2019
Population 0.86% 1.33%
Households 0.85% 1.38%
Families 0.7% 1.23%
Median Household Income   3.98%
Per Capita Income   3.55%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Houston, TX - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Houston to the other 1,752 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Texas by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density1 # 108 94th
Diversity Index2 # 14 99th
Median Household Income # 875 50th
Per Capita Income # 510 71st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Texas Census Data Comparison Tool.