Houston, TX Profile: Facts & Data

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Houston, Texas - Basic Facts

The City of Houston is the largest city in Texas with a population of 2,358,708 as of July 1, 2018. Houston ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Texas. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Houston is located at latitude 29.7805 and longitude -95.3863 in Harris County. The formal boundaries for the City of Houston (see map below) encompass a land area of 599.74 sq. miles and a water area of 27.84 sq. miles. Harris County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 36 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Houston are located in Harris County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into Fort Bend County, and Montgomery County.

The City of Houston (GNIS ID: 2410796) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Texas is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Houston is located within Houston Division of Harris County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Houston population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2018.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Houston: Houston City.


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Houston, TX Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)

POPULATION

Total Population 2,358,708
Population in Households 2,318,363
Population in Familes 1,826,717
Population in Group Qrtrs 40,345
Population Density1 3,933
Diversity Index2 85
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $51,442
Average Household Income $81,851
Per Capita Income $31,065

HOUSING

Total Housing Units 983,053 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 372,200 (37.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 509,026 (51.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 101,828 (10.4%)
Median Home Value $173,892
Average Home Value $266,299
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 881,225
Average Household Size 2.63
Family Households 534,699
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 1.42% 1.44%
Households 1.44% 1.47%
Families 1.27% 1.33%
Median Household Income   2.28%
Per Capita Income   2.45%

Houston, TX - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Houston to the other 1,749 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Texas by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 97 95th
Diversity Index # 15 99th
Median Household Income # 694 60th
Per Capita Income # 375 79th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Texas Census Data Comparison Tool.

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